Journal of Applied Hematology

IMAGE IN HEMATOLOGY
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 158-

Bilateral femoral head osteonecrosis due to cyclosporine therapy in aplastic anemia


Mansoor C Abdulla, Ram Narayan 
 Department of General Medicine, M.E.S. Medical College, Perinthalmanna, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Mansoor C Abdulla
Department of General Medicine, M.E.S. Medical College, Perinthalmanna - 679 338, Kerala
India




How to cite this article:
Abdulla MC, Narayan R. Bilateral femoral head osteonecrosis due to cyclosporine therapy in aplastic anemia.J Appl Hematol 2018;9:158-158


How to cite this URL:
Abdulla MC, Narayan R. Bilateral femoral head osteonecrosis due to cyclosporine therapy in aplastic anemia. J Appl Hematol [serial online] 2018 [cited 2020 Dec 2 ];9:158-158
Available from: https://www.jahjournal.org/text.asp?2018/9/4/158/251490


Full Text

A 48-year-old female was admitted with right-sided hip pain and low-grade fever for 1 month. She had diabetes mellitus and was diagnosed to have aplastic anemia 15 years back. She had a relapse and was on cyclosporine. She was not on steroids or other immunosuppressant agents. Examination showed severe pallor and tenderness over the right hip joint. Hemoglobin was 8.3 g/dl (normocytic and normochromic), total white blood cell count 1300/μl, platelet count 0.21 × 109/L, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate 72 mm in1 h. Peripheral smear showed pancytopenia. Magnetic resonance imaging of the hip showed bilateral osteonecrosis of femoral heads (Grade IV on the right and Grade II on the left side), an abscess of size 15 cm × 8 cm × 6.5 cm in the lower part of right iliopsoas muscle at the medial aspect of thigh [Figure 1]. She was treated conservatively for avascular necrosis of femoral heads. Incision and drainage of the iliopsoas abscess were done (pus culture grew Escherichia coli) and was started on piperacillin-tazobactam with amikacin which was continued for 2 weeks followed by oral antibiotics.{Figure 1}

Most frequent causes of ischemia of the femoral head include trauma, corticosteroid therapy, radiation therapy, alcoholism, statins myeloproliferative disorders, human immunodeficiency virus, systemic lupus erythematosus, and sickle cell disease. Cyclosporine therapy was associated with osteonecrosis of femoral heads in renal transplant patients. Cyclosporine causing bilateral osteonecrosis of femoral heads is rare.

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The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.