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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 5-10

Health-related quality of life in adult patients with hemophilia, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

1 Intern, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology and Oncology, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Maha Abdullah Allhaidan
Saad Ibn Amir Alansari Street, P. O. Box 270166, Riyadh 11352
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/joah.joah_4_18

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Background: Despite a reduction in mortality rates, hemophilia patients continue to suffer the consequences of repeated bleeding episodes. Assessment of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) attempts to determine how different life aspects are affected and helps guide future decision-making. AIMS: The aim of the study was to assess HRQoL in adult patients with hemophilia managed at King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH), Riyadh and to identify factors affecting HRQoL. Settings and Design: An observational cross-sectional study was conducted at KKUH in Riyadh from September 2014 to April 2015. Subjects and Methods: Sixty-one patients followed up and treated at KKUH from 2000 to 2015 were enrolled in the study. Patients were asked to complete the Arabic version of the Hemophilia-Specific QoL (HAEMO-QoL-A) Questionnaire. Results: Forty-Nine hemophilic patients completed the HAEMO-QoL-A questionnaire. Of these, 81.6% had hemophilia A, with a mean age of 29.84 years. The most common target joint was the knee (89.7%). The majority used on-demand treatment (55.1%). The HAEMO-QoL-A mean total score was 99.89. “Treatment concerns” were the most impaired dimension, whereas the “work/school, family, and social life” dimension was least affected. Patients receiving on-demand treatment had the lowest average bleeding events (8.22, P = 0.007). Conclusion: Frequent bleeding events, prophylactic treatment, and presence of clotting factor inhibitors negatively impact the HRQoL of patients with hemophilia.

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