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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 71-74

Seroprevalence of HIV among faithful Muslims in Osun State; Southwest Nigeria


1 Haematology and Blood Transfusion Department, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria
2 Department of Nursing, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria
3 Department of Surgery, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria
4 Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Osun State Specialist Hospital, Asubiaro, Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
M A Muhibi
Haematology and Blood Transfusion Department, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, Osun State
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Social lifestyle plays a significant role in the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Hence, abstinence and faithfulness are important for preventing HIV transmission. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of HIV antibodies among Muslims in Osun state, Nigeria. A total of 1554 Muslims who attended mosques for worship and provided consent were recruited for this study. Relevant data were obtained using a pro forma designed for this purpose. Blood specimens were collected for HIV screening using Determine, Unigold, and Stat Pak HIV kits according to an approved serial algorithm. Out of 1554 subjects, who opted for HIV counseling and testing, 434 (36.29%) belonged to the highly productive age group and were aged 28-37years. Among the subjects, 689 (44.34%) were unmarried individuals; however, 13 (0.84%) were divorcees and 25 (1.61%) were widows/widowers. Among the married participants, 207 (25.03%) belonged to polygamous families, whereas, 620 (74.97%) were from monogamous families. There were 200 (12.87%), 52 (3.35%), 70 (4.5%), and 128 (8.24%) unemployed individuals, uniformed men, drivers, and students, respectively. Seroprevalence of HIV was found to be very low (0.064%). However, seroprevalence of other subgroups was 0.0%. Among the subjects, illiterate, unemployed, married women from monogamous families, who were aged 28-37 years, were found to have HIV antibodies. The study reveals that there is a very low prevalence of HIV among faithful Muslims in Osun state, Nigeria. There is a need for intensive health education through religious groups that emphasize moral fidelity among married and unmarried individuals.


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